Step 1 - Prepare Before Not After
Prepare before an earthquake strikes, not after. Stock up on emergency food (freeze-dried food), water and an emergency kit for each family member. Remember, don't eat or drink anything from open compartments especially if it's in proximity to broken glass. If the water supply to your home is off, you can drink from the water heater, or from melted ice cubes and canned vegetables. Abstain from drinking water from swimming pools and spas. If possible, use water filtration bottles and water purification tablets to clean all the water before consumption.
Step 2 - Drop, Cover & Hold On
Drop, Cover and Hold-On. If you're inside, stay put. Get under a desk or table and hold on. Avoid windows and unstable material such as furniture, appliances, knives, etc. Try not to run out of a shaking building. Falling debris might hit you before you make it out.
It doesn't take long for a building to start to crumble. Especially for older structures that are not up to current building codes. Newer buildings and bridges are structurally designed to mitigate the effects of earthquakes. They are designed to sway and move with the movement instead of being rigid and breaking up.
Step 3 - What to do if your Outside
If you're outside, get beyond any confining influence, far from structures, electrical cables, smokestacks, and whatever else that may fall on you.
Step 4 - What to do if your Driving
In case you're driving, slowly come to a stop. Move your vehicle out-of-the-way of any activity (construction, moving vehicles, etc.) and don't stop under any scaffold, bridge, tree, light post or signs. Remain inside your car until the point that the shaking stops. After the trembling stops, and if necessary utilize the first aid supplies in your roadside emergency kit and look for assistance. When you continue, be careful and look out for any obstructions on the road.
Step 5 - What to do if your near Mountains
In case you're in hilly territory, keep an eye out for falling rocks, avalanches, trees, and other debris that could be freed by the tremors.
Step 6 - Put on some Thick-Soled Shoes.
If you can, put on a couple of sturdy thick-soled shoes (in case you step on broken glass, garbage, and so on.)
Step 7 - Watch out for Aftershocks.
Be aware of the potential for aftershocks. Another larger tremor may occur when you least suspect it. The best way is to survive an earthquake is to prepare before it strikes, not after. Get an emergency kit and create a family emergency plan.